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Socotra Mountains




Tourist will get astonished by jungle of huge plants also with the highest peak in the island which reached to 1525m above the sea level, besides; it also has many endemic plants and trees. Tourist can reach Skand by the same road which goes through Dixam, can also take a walk to the edge of vertical cliffs to see many ruins of ancient constructions. If go for a shade down, will find a few local houses where friendly and cheery local live.



Ayaft Canyon

This place is the greenest place of Socotra with the unique moisture-retaining microclimate that created by numerous spring and streams. The canyon is protected from summer monsoons by Skand Mountains so that its vegetation remains lush the year round and looks like a fairy world filled with wondrous birds, trees and Real Mountain Socotrans. Ayaft Canyon National Park is one of the most attractive and important place to go. The landscape of the canyon is really beautiful with large fresh water pools. Besides, there is a tree which made Socotra famous in the ancient world, Frankincense also called as olibanum (Arabic language: لبان, lubban), it is an aromatic resin obtained from trees of the genus Boswellia by slashing the bark and allow the exuded resins to bleed out and harden which called tears by them.

Dixam Plateau

Dixam is located in the middle part of Socotra. Tourist can go by good asphalt road which can also lead to get to Noged, tourist also can buy Dragon’s blood at small village when pass through in the journey. It is the name used for a red resin obtained from Dragon Trees and with goof immunostimulant and wound-health remedy. After pass by the village, at the left is to reach the verge of Socotra’s most beautiful cnayon (Wadi Dirhur). In the late afternonn would be the best time to come because of the soft evening light makes the views look fantastic. Visitor normally came for camping but it will be cold and windy at night. If tourist walk down to the brink of the canyon and discover some caves that are still inhabited by mountain shepherds, just do the next stop near the wood of Dragon Trees.



Homhil Plateau

This place is located over Mumi highlands northeast of Socotra Island. The attraction of Homhil is the combination of various kinds of trees growing at a place which about 156 kinds of plant species are present in the reserve, and 86 are of endemic kinds, 20 kinds of birds and 3 of them are endemic on the island, there is also rich with animals such as reptiles, insects and others. The protected area is covered with trees of Dragon’s Blood Trees, Bottle Trees, Frankincense Trees and Maryah Trees, with beautiful landscape to the side of sea. Furthermore, tourist can enjoy breathtaking panorama view over the ocean.


Flora and fauna in Socotra

Due to Socotra’s geographic position and evolutionary history, the Socotra Archipelago is a prime regional centre of Biodiversity. Socotra Island is very rich and home to the many rare spectacular species of reeds, fishes, birds, plants and trees which are not found anywhere else in the world.



Dragon Blood Tree

The most famous creature in Socotra whose name is derived from the fact that by carving its trunk it pours out a red resin, it is said by the ancient belief, to be the blood of dragon.

Besides, the Birdlife International identifies over 22 “important bird areas” is on the Socotra Archipelago. These areas include more than 191 species of birds have been recorded in Socotra with new species being found in every year. More than 49 species of birds breeding and about 120 species of migrant birds arrive during winter and summer as well s the habitants of the 8 species and 12 subspecies of endemics which add to the island’s high ecotourism potential.

There are 600 species of insects with 90% with high proportion of endemic. There are also about 190 species of butterfly and with large number of endemic and about 680 species of fishes and about 230 species of hard corals(5 are endemics), and 30 species aof soft corals. In addition to 30 species of crustacean (9 are endemics), 490 species molluscs, and 230 species of algae. Socotra is extremely rich of the reptile fauna comprising 24 out of 27 endemc species. Nesting of sea turtles, probably Green Turtles but possibly Hawkbills, takes place on the north coast.